Modern homes are particularly suited to a landscape setting. Large areas of glazing, extended overhangs, long decks, indoor outdoor living opportunities. The massing hugging the contours of the site also lend to a beautiful resolution of the design challenge we are faced with when a client contacts us to design and build a house.
Cedar soffited overhangs:
In the northern hemisphere, large overhangs facing south shade living areas from summer heat when the sun is high in the sky overhead. Notice how the concrete deck floats over the landscape
Brett Boardman Photography
carney logan burke
Love the large cedar soffits on steel columns
Connecticut bon vivant
Slim sightlines, floor to ceiling glass.
This home has exposed cedar ceilings and wood doors which slide back to create a seamless transition between the pool area and the family living areas. The contrast between the limestone pavers and the warmer wood decking draws the eye from the entrance.
When lit at night, the accents of wood and black framed windows create a backdrop for family and friends to gather at this home in Texas.
Whether working on a midcentury renovation, a new modern house or a traditional home with a lot of character, a dark facade brings a lot of gorgeous impact to the neighborhood!
1. Farrow and Ball:
This was one of the first paints in the Farrow and Ball collection and has a lot of soft grey layers so lovely on a traditional project!
2. BM jet black
This is a flat black and is very close to the current Fleetwood black on Fleetwood windows and doors so if you want a seamless look on a modern project using Fleetwood like the one above with the doors and walls very similar, Jet Black is a good option for you.
3. BM Racoon Fur
This has a lot of warm grey tones to it. More like a very dark grey than a black but with no brown. Sophisticated.
4. BM Wrought Iron
A deep dark grey reminiscent of the look of all those London guardrails in Kensington on a rainy day.
5. BM Black. Yep. Intense darkness.
6. BM Iron Mountain
Really a warm grey, one of the most popular BM dark greys.
7. This beautiful finish is actually a charred larch wood. Hundreds of years ago, Japanese woodworkers prolonged the life of wood by charring the surface using fire, resulting in shou sugi ban. Very popular option for a dark facade. Expensive.
9. BM Midsummer night.
A rich and dramatic very dark brown black, perfect for a vacation home in the mountains.
For couples starting out with dreams of large two car garages with two cars and some garden tools…the baby needs for the first year will take the first bite out of that concrete vastness and gradually the cars will end up in their new permanent home…. the driveway, because your freshman needed to learn the drums!
We are more attached to our clothes, sports equipment and memories then we think so it is really important and more fun to plan enough organized storage in your new house when it is still on the drawing board.
In phase one of all things storage we will look at your Master Closet:
Here are some gorgeous inspiration storage spaces and questions for you to help the process:
Open or Closed: Do you like your clothes and shoes visible or hidden behind cleanly designed doors?
Or a third option: dark glass doors
2. How many drawers do you need? Take stock of accessories, lingerie, socks
3. Would you like to have space for a small chair or seating area?
4. How much shoe storage do you need?
5. How much other shelving do you need?
6. It’s really nice to have a full length mirror in your closet if you plan ahead, ok this one is super generous but we love the concept!
7. Make up station is a lovely idea if space available
8. Hamper, really great to include this built in if space allows
We love Marie Kondo but we just want to ensure you plan ahead for what you really need for your home!
We have a couple of vacation houses we are working on in the Wine Country in California and it is so much fun to create that Wine Country feeling!
We thought we would share some of our favorite ideas for designing a gorgeous country style kitchen:
Lots of wood for warmth: This kitchen has a mix of light oak and walnut with stained cedar ceiling. The shaker style cabinets are thinner than traditional surrounds at 1.5″ instead of 2″ so it looks nicely updated with dark bronze pulls and mesh uppers.
Steel or Steel look windows:
Textured tile and butcher block:
We love the chevron tile right now!
Full height storage cabinets: Love how elegant these are when they are kept slim and tall!! Also love the contrasting island!!
Butlers Pantries: We designed one of these for a Beverly Hills A list Celebrity and it had three layers that just folded out, 8 feet tall, it was just amazing!! We had a wonderful cabinetmaker!!
Color is back!
Big Islands with lots of space for guests and extended family!
Reclaimed wood doors: There are lots of architectural salvage yards and it is worth spending an afternoon exploring to see if you can find something fabulous!
Stone: I know the image above is a little too rustic for most but the use of stone, even a light stone on a wall in the kitchen just looks fantastic if you choose a stone you love.
We love the high clerestory windows bringing light into great rooms and indoor outdoor spaces. Simple windows with just one cross member mullion. Metal Roofs and board and batten siding are inviting with contrasting Barn Like cedar clad buildings as architectural forms made part of the composition.
Modern Farmhouses with Nanawall or pocketing type doors that can open up a room completely to the garden, are suited to Marin and Sonoma with the indoor outdoor lifestyle and feeling of spaciousness and comfort.
We love the way the entry leads to steel doors and lighted entryway, giving a sense of openness to the architecture.
Love the way this porch is enclosed with a view to the lake beyond
This wrap around porch with a low sloping roof and thin fascia board
The steel doors, stucco and stone with metal roof creating contrast and texture.
This elegant steel trellis creates a light shade element over the seating area.
The contrast between the steel and glass modern structure and the textured stone wall creates tension and openess.
Views to landscape beyond through light aluminium windows and doors invites guests in.
Building Science is continually evolving and getting more efficient so how to get to netzero is subject to change but here is our best for now 🙂 Check out the end of the post for how to renovate your home in stages to NetZero, everyone can have this!
What is NetZero? Why does it make sense?
A NetZero home is one that produces as much energy as it uses each year so it no longer contributes to global warming.
Buildings are 45 percent of the global carbon emissions problem so homeowners, architects and building designers have a lot of power to change sea level rise and the other major concerns we are encountering worldwide.
This means a new way of building and innovative thinking.
We need to create a building that uses less energy than before because it is better built and has the ability to generate its own energy.
Let’s look at how to design a house in preparation for NetZero use:
Passive Solar Design: What is this?
It is usually not possible to get this exact, as sites differ, but the intent is below.
In passive solar building design, windows, walls, and floors are made to collect, store, reflect, and distribute solar energy in the form of heat in the winter and reject solar heat in the summer
Design the house to use the sun, breezes to heat and cool.
East West Orientation in the northern hemisphere: (Orientation is different in southern hemisphere)
Design the building long in the east west face, maximizing the south face. The north face has very little windows and more thermal mass.
South facing sun: in the summer when it is too hot, the angle of the sun is very high so an overhang can keep your house cool
In the winter, the south facing sun is low in the sky and can bring in the sunlight to the interior to warm the home.
We can create models on our computers to show where the sun will travel around your home.
Thermal mass: what is this?
Thermal mass captures the sun’s energy
In the daytime, the sun comes in and heats up the thermal mass, it soaks the heat up
In the evening the concrete, stone or other thermal mass material radiates off the heat slowly, heating the home.
Air movement to passively cool:
Air movement is not always used for NetZero as a really tight and efficient envelope is more energy saving but it depends on individual house design
we can modify other elements to use passive cooling.
Energy efficient building envelope:
To get to netzero it helps to have a really energy efficient building envelope, basically a blanket over and around your structure to keep heat in when its cold outside and keep cool air inside when it heats up. Insulation can provide half of the heat needed to heat your home.
Does that mean the air is stuffy inside?
there is a system which will bring in fresh air from the outside
the air goes through a unit that captures the heat content of the air to make it similar to what is inside the house and releases it into the home
It also removes air continuously from the house so you get a very fresh house
This system has filters so it actually can be really helpful if you have someone prone to asthma or allergies in your family
How do you get an energy efficient envelope?
Insulation is cheap and you will lose less energy heating and cooling so you insulate all the building envelope, windows and doors, below slab, walls above grade, walls below grade and roof
Closed cell insulation has become more and more energy efficient but is higher cost
We will cover options to super insulate your home in another Orla Studios Guide.
The diagram below is just one option using regular insulation and double wall construction from fine home building magazine but there are lots of less labor intensive options!
For windows and doors, manufacturers are bringing out more efficient models every year so you do not necessarily need to use triple glazing anymore to get to netzero.
How do you test for a no leak tight exterior envelope:
Sealing up the house perimeter is important so there are no air leaks.
There is a test your contractor can do call a blower test to see how airtight the envelope is.
There are a number of new products on the market to help seal the natural openings created during construction that we will cover in another Orla Studios Guide.
So how do you make your house use as little energy as possible:
Let’s look at the typical energy users in your house:
Heating and cooling:
HVAC equipment designers work with the most efficient compressors, fans, and pumps, coupled with advanced controls, to meet the net-zero energy goal. The result is a more efficient system that uses less energy and saves operational costs.
Smarter controls and the Internet of Things (IoT) are playing a large part in ensuring a building is operating as efficiently as possible.
Here are some of the most efficient and green options for heating and cooling your home:
Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth.
If the ground temperature is warmer than the ambient air temperature, the heat pump can move heat from the ground to the building. The heat pump can also operate in reverse, moving heat from the ambient air in a building into the ground, in effect cooling the building. Ground source heat pumps require a small amount of electricity to drive the heating/cooling process.
Ductless Heat Pumps
Air-source ductless heat pumps (DHPs) require no ducts or water pipes and are sometimes referred to as mini-splits. In addition to saving energy, they cost less to install and create only two penetrations in the building shell. DHPs can be sized accurately to meet the needs of small, efficient homes, which makes them a good match for many zero energy homes.
Hydronic radiant heating and cooling is used in 50% of net-zero energy buildings. It’s a cost-effective way to downsize forced-air HVAC systems, cutting energy use yet enhancing comfort.
Use Heat pump water heaters:
Takes heat out of the air and uses it to start to heat the water so you use less energy to get hot water.
Some models have both input and output ducts so you can have a water heater that blows cold air.
Huge energy savings. Standard electric water heaters uses $500 per year for family for four, heat pump is $208 per year.
Induction cooktops are instant on, instant off and all electric so you can use your solar panels to operate them. They use magnets and are really efficient using special pans the cooktop stays cool always so it is safer for your family.
WHAT IS A HEAT PUMP DRYER?
A heat pump dryer works as a closed loop system by heating the air using it to remove moisture from the clothes and then reusing it once the moisture is removed. Rather than releasing warm, humid air through a dryer vent to the exterior of the home as a conventional dryer does, a heat pump dryer sends it through an evaporator to remove the moisture without losing too much heat. Making use of a refrigerant as part of this process means less electricity is used to generate heat.
HEAT PUMP DRYER ADVANTAGES
Easy to install since they don’t require ventilation
Can reduce energy use by at least 28% compared to standard dryers
Dries laundry at low temperatures, so they are gentler on clothes
There are many wonderful LED lighting options now to light your home using very little electricity.
How does your home generate its own energy?
Solar Panels: This is where you generate power and we can do calculations to figure out how many panels you need to get to NetZero. It depends on the local utility how they value the energy you provide and how much you can save.
More and more affordable options are being developed every day. Wind power has about a quarter of the carbon footprint of solar panels which means the manufacturing process contributes less to global warming.
An advantage of the microturbines required for home use is that they need less wind to begin turning than their commercial cousins.
Being smaller they generate less power
Small wind turbines are defined as producing less that 100 kilowatts per hour, usually less than ten, with quite a number generating more like 1.5kW/hr.
The higher above the roof the turbine can be positioned the stronger the breeze will be. Wind speed increases at the seventh power above effective ground level.
Electric car: Not really part of the netzero equation but will save you money if you build a netzero house
Netzero will be a requirement in California for new houses starting 2020.
Tumble Creek Cabin #coate
How the home above got to Netzero:
High-performance rain screen building envelope with continuous exterior insulation
Over insulated roof beyond required Washington State Energy code minimums
Radiant floor heating and Energy Recovery Ventilation System
10 kWh PV Solar Panel array, engineered for Tesla Powerwall battery backup system
Use of rustic materials, including stone, Cor-ten steel, and reclaimed barn wood with modern detailing
Exposed steel and wood structure throughout the main spaces
Heating and ventilation system can be monitored and adjusted remotely
Massive board-formed concrete fireplace
Energy efficient aluminum-clad wood windows and doors
Electric car charging station
You can also renovate your home to NetZero in steps: check out one of our favorite Canadians who does just that:
Our goto on our modern house projects is a floating stair in wood with a custom designed, custom fabricated steel handrail! We have some wonderful metalworkers, true craftsmen, we work with on the custom designs. We love how light they are and how they have less impact on the space. They allow more openness, sunlight and give you that wonderful airy feeling in the center of your home!!
We have a client right now who wants a more traditional spin on the floating stair so we thought we would share some of our favorite gorgeous stair inspiration with you as we draw some ideas for her……Enjoy!
The passivhaus or passive house standard was developed in the early 1990’s in Germany. It dramatically reduces the need for heating and cooling and improves air quality.
Passive Houses allow for space heating and cooling related energy savings of up to 90% compared with typical building stock and over 75% compared to average new build. Passivehouse building techniques result in ultra-low energy buildings
Bamboo House by Karawitz Architects
It basically wraps a house in a big insulation blanket with no gaps to prevent heat loss and gain
houses are orientated to allow solar passive heat gains (in the northern hemisphere, windows on the south with very little openings on the north side). In warm climates, southern facing glazing is shaded by large overhangs or shade systems so intense summer rays do not overheat. At the Karawitz house this system is bamboo, a highly sustainable building material
insulation and use of cool colors on the exterior, airtightness to limit heat and humidity gainsnight cooling and fixed or movable shading and large overhangsgeothermal cooling, the earth is cooler just 10 to 13 feet below grade and can be used to cool structure abovethermal mass, creating a thick building envelope to absorb heat from exterior. Keeps home cool during summer and keeps heat in during winterhigh levels of insulation with low levels of thermal bridging, (thermal bridging is where gaps in the insulated building envelope cause temps to jump from inside to outside or vice versa)
These highly insulated wall, floor and foundations are customized based on the climate the house is located in, warmer climates use less material
building envelope has a high level of airtightness (they use a blow test). All joints are taped with special tape to create airtight seal
excellent level of indoor air quality
mechanical ventilation system for the whole house which recovers heat for reuse (air exiting house warms air entering through heat recovery)
images courtesy architecture-view.com and prsmanchester.co.uk
the standard encourages a high level of energy efficiency for appliances, lighting and hot water generation
photovoltaic systems are installed for energy generation
to be certified the house needs to meet the following energy criteria
EnerPHit is the passive house standard for remodels
triple glazing or double glazing with low e and no thermal bridging can be used for windows and doors
the energy balance of the proposed building must be verified using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) using the appropriate regional climatic dataset. Either the monthly or the annual method may be applied.
Whether working on a new home design or a renovation, window seats are one of our client’s most frequent requests, in all styles of architecture, modern, contemporary, classical! Window seats can create the perfect space to enjoy a dramatic view from your site or a comfy reading, homework and laptop work area.